Introduction to "The Reconstruction Convention Simulation".

The cast of characters attending the convention.

The readings for your paper listed by belief.

The Simulation - What you have to do!

Use the links above to navigate this simulation.

Hal Ickes
Tough on South, Blacks rights, Congress Rec., National
Hal Ickes is a black journalist and activist. His first memories were of the call of David Walker for a slave uprising. His first hero was Frederick Douglass. During the war, he fought in an all-black regiment as a non-commissioned officer under Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Now that the war is over, he feels that the South should pay the full price for the sins of slavery and waging a war to defend it. He believes that only a few Southerners, those who could take an oath that they didn't support the Confederacy in the past, should be able to vote and no Southern state should be readmitted until a large majority of the white people of the state accept the 13th amendment. In addition, Ickes believes that freedmen should receive lands taken away from Confederate leaders and that the vote and education should be open to freedmen in exactly the same way they are to whites. If the South doesn’t like it, the North should keep the military there. The South is a conquered province, they committed suicide by seceding from the union. It is up to Congress to decide what will happen to them.
Readings based on Beliefs:
Belief 2 - Difficult for the South to get back into the Union and pardons should be difficult to secure
Belief 3 - Freedmen and free blacks should receive substantial political, economic and social rights
Belief 5 - Congress should control Reconstruction
Belief 7 - Reconstruction should be organized and implemented on a national level

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